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Fontes e textos primários

   
 
PTOLEMEU
 

Almagesto (1515)
Almagestum. Opus ingens ac nobile omnes Celorum motus continens. Felicibus Astris eat in lucem (Veneza: Petrus Lichtenstein)
[Vienna University Observatory]

Heiberg, Johan Ludvig,
Claudii Ptolemaei Opera quae exstant omnia: I. Syntaxis mathematica. Pars I
(Leipzig: B.G. Teubner Verlag, 1898 [= Bibliotheca scriptorum graecorum et romanorum teubneriana]). [Archive.org]

Heiberg, Johan Ludvig,
Claudii Ptolemaei Opera quae exstant omnia: I. Syntaxis mathematica. Pars II
(Leipzig: B.G. Teubner Verlag, 1903 [= Bibliotheca scriptorum graecorum et romanorum teubneriana]) [?].

Halma, Nicholas B.,
Composition mathématique de Claude Ptolémée: Tome premier
(Paris: Henri Grand, 1813). [Gallica]

Halma, Nicholas B.,
Composition mathématique de Claude Ptolémée, ou astronomie ancienne: Tome second
(Paris: J.-M. Eberhart, 1816). [Gallica]

Manitius, Karl,
Des Claudius Ptolemäus: Handbuch der Astronomie. Erster Band
(Leipzig: B.G. Teubner Verlag, 1912). [Archive.org] idem -- reprinted with an introduction by Otto E. Neugebauer in 1963 (B.G. Teubner Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig). [não há online]

Manitius, Karl,
Des Claudius Ptolemäus: Handbuch der Astronomie. Zweiter Band
(Leipzig: B.G. Teubner Verlag, 1913) [Archive.org] idem -- reprinted with an introduction by Otto E. Neugebauer in 1963 (B.G. Teubner Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig). [não há online].

Taliaferro, Robert Catesby,
The Almagest by Ptolemy,
in: M.J. Adler, C. Fadiman & Ph.W. Goetz (eds.), The Great Books of the Western World: Vol. 16 (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952) -- vol. 15 of the 1990 reprint.
[não há online]

Toomer, Gerald J.,
Ptolemy's Almagest
(London: Duckworth, 1984 [= Duckworth Classical, Medieval and Renaissance Editions]) -- reprinted in 1998 with a foreword by Owen Gingerich by Princeton University Press (Princeton).
[não há online]

   
  COPÉRNICO  

 

Nicolau Copérnico
De revolutionibus Manuscrito [Biblioteka Jagiellońska]

Nicolau Copérnico,
De revolutionibus orbium coelestium,
Norimbergae: apud Ioh. Petreium, 1543 [ADS Digital Library] ou [Lehigh University Digital Library]

Nicolau Copérnico,
Astronomia Instaurata libris sex comprehense, qui de Revolutionibus orbium coelestium inscribitur
(Amsterdam: 1617) [Google books]

Nicolau Copérnico,
As Revoluções dos Orbes Celestes,
Tradução de A. Dias Gomes e Gabriel Domingues, (Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1984). Esta tradução foi feita a partir da segunda edição (Basileia, 1566).

On the Revolutions,
1992, trans. E. Rosen, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press (originally published as volume 2 of Nicholas Copernicus: Complete Works, Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers, 1978). [WebExhibits]

Introductions à l'Astronomie de Copernic. Le Commentariolus de Copernic, La Narratio prima de Rheticus.
Introduction, traduction française et commentaire H. Hugonnard-Roche, E. Rosen at J.-P. Verdet (Paris : Librairie Scientifique A. Blanchard, 1975).

Edward Rosen,
"The Commentariolus of Copernicus",
Osiris, vol. 3, 1937, p. 123-141 [Acesso interno FCUL]

Noel M. Swerdlow,
"The derivation and first draft of Copernicus' planetary theory: A translation of the Commentariolus with commentary",
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 117, n. 6, Symposium on Copernicus, 1973, p. 423-512 [Acesso interno FCUL]


     
  OUTROS   

 

Francis J. Carmody (ed.),
The Astronomical Works of Thabit b. Qurra
(Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1961).

Francis J. Carmody (ed.),
Al-Bitruji. De motibus celorum. Critical edition of the Latin translation of Michael Scot
(Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1952).

Manuel Rico y Sinobas,
Libros del Saber de Astronomía del Rey D. Afonso X de Castilla,
5 vols. (Madrid: E. Aguado, 1863-1867), vol. iv, pp. 109-183,

Emmanuel Poulle,
Les "Tables alphonsines" avec les canons de Jean de Saxe
(Paris: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1984).

José Chabás and Bernard R. Goldstein,
The Alfonsine Tables of Toledo
(Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003), pp. 58-66 (texto) e pp. 189-193 (comentário).

Theorica planetarum Gerardi ed. Francis J. Carmody (Berkeley, 1942)

Campanus de Novara and Medieval Planetary Theory. Theorica Planetarum.
Edited with an Introduction, English translation, and Commentary by Francis S. Benjamin jr. and G. J. Toomer (Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1971).

Tycho Brahe,
Astronomiae Instauratae Mechanica
Noribergæ: apud L. Hvlsivm, 1602 [ADS Digital Library]]

Regiomontantus,
Epytoma Almagesti
[Gallica]

Regiomontano,
Scripta clarissimi mathematici [...]
Nuremberga, 1544
[Université de Strasbourg]

Online copy
Catálogo de estrelas de Ptolomeu
[astro.isi.edu]

ADS digital library
http://ads.harvard.edu/books/

Tycho Brahe,
Opera Omnia
[Archive.org]

Alexander Jones,
Ptolemy's First Commentator
[Google books]

Peurbach's Theoricae Novae Planetarum: A Translation with Commentary
E. J. Aiton, Osiris, 2nd Series, Vol. 3, (1987), pp. 4-43 [Acesso interno FCUL]

Excelente colecção de textos antigos:
http://www.wilbourhall.org/
     
          H. Leitão, Ler o Almagesto e o De revolutionibus